Surgent’s Artificial Intelligence for Accounting and Finance Professionals Rhode Island Society of Certified Public Accountants

artificial intelligence in accounting and finance

Because of AI and the important insights it generates, finance teams must recognise that they are free to contribute to new business ties, improve existing collaborations, and work from a position of power. Another Deloitte technology, TAX-I, employs artificial intelligence to evaluate and review European Court of Justice tax judgments. Deloitte, another Big Four firm, collaborates with Kira Systems to improve document review. Thorough document evaluation and analysis are critical for the business operations that Deloitte customers deal with.

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In addition, the data preprocessing significantly increased the models’ forecast accuracy. In this article, we aim to find an answer to the question of how AI-based algorithms are used for forecasting within accounting-related tasks. A literature review helps classify and integrate relevant findings from multiple disciplines by systematically collecting research. Therefore, we consider a systematic literature review as a useful method for generating a comprehensive overview of this research field that can serve as an initial overview and foundation for further studies.

Advanced data recording and reporting

Payment defaults are also directly related to financial accounting, as IFRS 9 requires the use of the expected credit loss model for the measurement of accounts receivable. The study by Martinelli et al. (2020) evaluates the extent to which payment defaults can be predicted ex ante. They show that the random forest is more accurate than neural networks or naïve Bayes and that almost all payment defaults can be predicted correctly. In another study by Sariannidis et al. (2020), support vector machines could predict payment defaults even slightly better than the random forest. AI accounting software has the ability to identify patterns in data more quickly than humans, reducing the amount of manual work required by an accountant. It can be used to generate reports, manage order entry processes, and match receipts with payments or invoices, making it an efficient solution for many businesses.

artificial intelligence in accounting and finance

This led to the further elimination of 96 publications, remaining 63 publications. As a final step, we completed our literature collection by applying backward searches to the remaining 47 articles. However, we could not find additional studies that were not already identified. AI in accounting can help businesses to reduce errors, increase efficiency, and make more informed financial decisions. Some professionals, both financial and legal, bear considerable fiduciary responsibilities. We trust them to make sound decisions but as they are not only professional but also human, misinterpretations and biases can occur.

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Banks, insurers, actuarists and accounting firms – all segments of the global financial value chain are gradually adopting artificial intelligence and machine learning. For many in business, the pace is actually a little too fast for comfort and making them fear for their jobs – a fear, that looks a little unreasonable to many experts. Docyt eliminates tedious bookkeeping tasks, reducing manual tasks and improving employee satisfaction. The software provides roll-up and individual financial statements for all your business locations, simplifying financial reporting. With live reporting and insights, you can gain a better understanding of your financial performance. Many accounting firms and organizations have existing legacy systems that may not be compatible with AI technology.

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First, the authors provide an overview of AI algorithms used in different accounting use cases. Based on this overview, companies can evaluate the AI algorithms that are most suitable for their practical needs. Second, practitioners can use our results as a benchmark of what prediction accuracy is achievable and should strive for.

Will artificial intelligence take over accounting?

Rather than searching all paper documents, digital files can ease the audit work. AI is playing a crucial role in accounting and finance for automating billing and invoice management functions. Existing AI-based invoice management systems are helping finance clients in making invoice processing efficiently. AI helps individuals and businesses manage financial data efficiently by analyzing transactions, cash flow, budget, and accounting data to identify trends, errors, and areas of improvement.

How AI will impact the accounting and finance industry?

AI is ideal for compiling and sorting through massive amounts of data and increasing accuracy and efficiency as it works. Robo-accounting and AI algorithms are expected to replace 40% of work in auditing, payroll, uploading files, accounts payable and receivable, inventory control, and other accounting functions.

This can present a cost-saving measure, reducing the number of bookkeeper hours a company has to pay for. While this may look like a precise example of how AI can replace bookkeepers, that is hardly the end of the story. According to a Deloitte report, AI would automate all auditing, tax, payroll, and banking operations. It frees accountants from tedious work and broadens the scope of their responsibilities. Undoubtedly, organizational stakeholders see the value of implementing AI-powered systems and apps. However, it also necessitates a transformation in the thinking of people other than CFOs.


Artificial intelligence has transformed various industries, including accounting. AI is used in accounting to automate time-consuming and repetitive tasks such as data entry, bookkeeping, and financial analysis. The technology can be used to analyze large datasets and identify patterns and anomalies that could be overlooked by human accountants. AI also enables accountants to provide more accurate and timely financial insights to clients and stakeholders. Fenics Market Data (Fenics MD), a division of BGC Partners, is using the latest techniques in data science and machine learning for improving the accuracy and speed of financial reporting.

  • Hear Jon Milkovich, director, Workday Financials, at ERPA, talk about the benefits of automation, a better employee experience, and thoughtful change management.
  • While management accounting provides information to internal stakeholders, financial accounting provides information to external stakeholders (Penman, 2013).
  • By budgeting and forecasting software, accounting firms can automate and streamline these processes, resulting in significant time and cost savings.
  • The key to the digital transformation of accounting and financing is pairing people and machines together allowing each one to contribute in areas they are best skilled at.
  • That’s why running AI pilots in parallel with traditional processes and comparing notes is critical, Wood said.
  • The good news is that these tools are now more affordable than ever, making it easier for finance teams to drive innovation and add value to the organization.

However, AI is a tool that complements human expertise rather than replacing accountants. Complex accounting issues require professional judgment and human intervention to ensure accuracy, compliance, and ethical considerations. Besides cash flow, the forecast of future revenues is also a key indicator of companies’ developments. The study by Sai Vineeth et al. (2020) compares multiple ML models to identify the most accurate for predicting future sales. Unlike previous studies, ridge regression provided more accurate predictions than support vector machines or random forests. A different approach was used in the study by Kumar et al. (2021) to anticipate future revenues.

How is AI Used In Accounting?

The integration of artificial intelligence in accounting is a game-changer for the industry. It offers a wealth of benefits to accountants and auditors, from increased efficiency and accuracy to real-time financial insights. By embracing AI technology, accounting professionals can streamline their processes, reduce manual effort, and focus on more strategic initiatives to drive growth and profitability. AI has the potential to revolutionize the way accounting tasks are performed, enabling accountants and auditors to focus on higher-level analysis and strategic planning. By automating routine tasks, such as data entry, categorization, and reconciliation, AI technology can improve the speed, accuracy, and efficiency of accounting processes.

artificial intelligence in accounting and finance

Contrary to the bleak prophecies, emerging technologies are not here to replace accountants but to empower them. Cloud-based data management, process automation, and advanced analytics offer a helping hand, enabling accountants to rise above mundane tasks and assume more strategic roles within organizations. The integration of artificial intelligence in accounting and finance holds immense potential, but it also comes with significant ethical considerations. Transparency, data privacy, fairness, human oversight, and the social and economic impact should be at the forefront of decision-making processes. By embracing these ethical principles, we can harness the power of AI to drive positive change, foster trust, and uphold the integrity of our financial systems. Investors and capital providers are particularly affected by frauds and errors, as they lose the capital they have invested due to the subordinate nature of their claims.

Why This Is Good News for the Industry

Additionally, with a computer and artificial intelligence at work, chances of making an error are greatly reduced (Gardner, 2019). Furthermore, with the ability to serve a company around the clock, AI can adapt to major incidents at precisely the right time (PixelPlex, 2020). Aside from increasing efficiency, AI also has the potential to easily process vast quantities of data. For finance and accounting teams, doing meaningful work is about doing more than manual data aggregation or managing clunky spreadsheets day in and day out.

artificial intelligence in accounting and finance

According to Forbes, Cloud computing has been growing enormously in several latest technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, machine learning (ML), and Internet of Things (IoT), are combined into the cloud. I’m an entrepreneurial CPA that founded Xen Accounting, a 100% cloud-based accounting firm, in 2013. Following its acquisition in 2018, I started Future Firm to help accountants fast-track the growth of a modern, scalable accounting firm of their own. Regularly monitor and evaluate the performance of accounting AI to ensure that it is meeting the desired goals and objectives. This will help businesses identify areas for improvement and optimize the use of accounting AI.

AI and RPA Bots in Finance and Accounting

The study by Cheng and Roy (2011) analyzes to what extent AI-based forecasting methods help predict future cash flows. They found that a hybrid model consisting of support vector machines, fuzzy logic models and fast messy genetic algorithms provides reliable forecasts and performs better than single prediction models. An important part of cash flow management is also the forecast of outstanding invoices. The study by Bahrami et al. (2020) finds that the logistic regression outperforms support vector machines or the OneR algorithm in predicting customer payment dates. Besides delayed payments, payment defaults can also significantly impact the company that has been expecting the receivables.

artificial intelligence in accounting and finance

The fact that support vector machines could make more accurate bankruptcy forecasts than neural networks, decision trees, and logistic regression was also confirmed in the study by Rainarli (2019). The superior predictive power of support vector machines was also demonstrated in the study of Sehgal et al. (2021), who compared it with neural networks and logistic regression. AI-powered accounting systems can provide real-time financial reporting, enabling accounting firms and organizations to make informed decisions in real-time. AI algorithms can analyze large sets of financial data to identify trends and patterns, providing valuable insights for decision-making. All of these changes, though, mean that the profession will also need to change. Financial experts will need increased informational skills and they will be forced into more specialized roles.

How can AI help the financial sector?

Banks are using AI and machine learning to predict consumer behavior, understand their purchase preference, and even outlier fraud detection to better card and transaction management.”

The final step is to deploy and monitor your AI model or tool in your production environment. This involves integrating your model or tool with your existing systems or processes, testing its functionality or usability, evaluating its impact or value, and collecting feedback or metrics. You may also need to update or improve your model or tool based on new data or requirements. AI can enhance decision-making by providing data-driven insights and recommendations.

  • Investors and capital providers are particularly affected by frauds and errors, as they lose the capital they have invested due to the subordinate nature of their claims.
  • It is worth noting that the use of AI and RPA in Accounting and Finance departments is not without its challenges.
  • Given the high relevance of AI in financial accounting, our results have several implications and potential benefits for practitioners.
  • The adoption profile is strong due to a clear business outcome, such as improving cash performance.
  • Another issue holding back the use of AI in accounting and finance is the technology’s “black box” issue.
  • Given the high potential of AI in accounting, the authors aimed to bridge this research gap.

Most reconciliations deal with only two data sources, but AI can expand this to multiple sources. RPA bots help extract data, provide data entry support and run an approval process. One cannot deny the fact that this revolution of AI in accounting is not going to slow down in any way. No doubt AI technology has the potential to perform all mundane tasks of accountants. But, the technological changes cannot replace humans in any situation as human intelligence will always be required to perform and efficiently run technology.

What is an example of AI in accounting and finance?

For example, AI can automatically classify transactions, reconcile accounts, and generate financial reports, allowing accountants to focus on more complex tasks such as strategic financial planning and analysis.

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